Scott Morrison to focus on international trade and climate policy in a speech ahead of the G7 summit
Prime Minister Scott Morrison will use important foreign policy rhetoric to pressure liberal democracies to reform and “renovate” global bodies like the World Trade Organization so that they can preserve international rules and protect people. country of economic coercion.
- Scott Morrison to discuss the global transition to renewable energy when he meets with world leaders for talks in Cornwall
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He will also try to reframe Australia’s climate change policies ahead of crucial meetings with world leaders in the UK this week, saying the government understands the world is embracing a new ‘net zero emissions’ economy.
The Prime Minister will deliver the speech at the PerthUSasia Center on Wednesday before leaving for Singapore for a whirlwind visit.
He will then fly to the “G7 plus” meeting in Cornwall, where he is expected to meet US President Joe Biden, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga and South Korean President Moon Jae-in.
No new climate commitments
Australia is under increasing pressure from some world leaders – especially UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson – to further reduce carbon emissions ahead of the UN climate summit in Glasgow in November.
Mr Morrison will not make any new commitments to raising Australia’s climate goals in his speech.
Instead, he will simply repeat that Australia wants to achieve net zero emissions “as soon as possible. [and] preferably by 2050 “and re-state that Australia will resist pressure from Europe to introduce carbon tariffs.
He will refer to Australia’s record for cutting emissions through technology, saying it is currently deploying renewables “three times faster than the US, China and the EU,” while stressing that the government wants to preserve jobs in manufacturing and heavy industry.
But the prime minister will also use particularly blunt language to recognize the global shift from polluting energy sources such as coal to renewables.
“A new global energy economy is developing with profound implications for Australia as the world grapples with climate change,” Morrison is expected to say.
“A net zero energy economy is being crafted by governments, international agencies and financial markets.
“It’s happening and we understand it.”
COVID-19 recovery, China, Russia to be on G7 plus
The G7 plus meeting is expected to discuss the global economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the increasingly aggressive behavior of authoritarian states such as China and Russia.
In his speech, the Prime Minister will adopt a confident tone about liberal democracies, saying they “work for all” and will state that “Australia’s open economic outlook and vibrant civil society … underpin our resilience in tough times, as well as continued stability and prosperity in the long run. “
“Our success also gives us the confidence and the means to protect and defend our liberal and pluralistic society. To fend off coercion, maintain our sovereignty and help others make decisions that are in their own long sovereign interest. term “, the speech reads.
Mr Morrison will also put Australia’s weight behind calls for the overhaul of global bodies that have been plagued by conflict and controversy, including the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Health Organization. trade (WTO).
“Liberal democracies must deal with gardening with renewed clarity, unity and purpose,” Mr. Morrison is expected to say.
“Our challenge is nothing less than to strengthen, renovate and underpin a world order that promotes freedom.”
Mr Morrison will make a thinly veiled reference to the Chinese government’s trade sanctions campaign against Australia, saying he has received “great encouragement” from world leaders and “the support shown for Australia’s preparation for resist economic coercion lately “.
Australia has already taken China to the WTO over crippling tariffs on Australian barley and is ready to do the same for tariffs on Australian wine.
Morrison calls for WTO reform
But the organization has been battered by several bitter disputes and has been operating without its appeals body, which arbitrates global trade disputes, since late 2019.
The Trump administration has blocked the appointment of new judges, accusing the organization of discriminating against the United States and doing little to curb China’s unfair trade practices.
Mr Morrison will say Australia shares some of the US concerns about the body, but will urge democratic nations to reform, rather than abandon, the WTO.
“At the G7, we will work with others to strengthen the role of the World Trade Organization and modernize its rules if necessary,” Morrison is expected to say.
“It may be one of the most powerful tools available to the international community to counter economic coercion.
“Where there are no consequences for coercive behavior, there is little incentive for restraint.”
The Prime Minister will reiterate his call for the WHO to have “increased powers of surveillance and pandemic response” in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic.
And he will again support the Biden administration’s decision to step up efforts to identify the source of the COVID-19 outbreak.
But Mr Morrison will not directly mention the controversial theory – adopted by many conservatives in the United States – that the virus may have leaked from the Wuhan Institute of Virology.
“After calling for an independent investigation, Australia remains firmly convinced that understanding the cause of this pandemic is essential to prevent the next one, for the good of all,” he is expected to say.